Specializations after MBBS
Most of the medical students these days are not content with just MBBS. Medical sphere is always evolving and continuously advancing field of education. To have a successful medical career requires preparation and dedication. With the growing need of specialized advancement in every sphere the medical students are also exploring medical horizons and prefer doing research in the medical field after their MBBS.
Ways to delve into Medical Specialization for MBBS graduates are as follows:
MS[Master of Surgery] is a postgraduate degree in general surgery while the MD[Doctor of Medicine]is the postgraduate degree in General medicine. Both the degrees can be pursued after MBBS.
The major specializations include general medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, dermatology, ophthalmology, orthopedics, ENT (ear, nose and throat), psychiatry and anesthesiology,Pediatric surgery, plastic surgery, cardio-thoracic surgery, Urology, Cardiac surgery, Cosmetic surgery, etc.
For medical postgraduate studies (MD or MS) one has to qualify an entrance test.
Duration of course is 3 years.
Diplomate National Board (DNB) is a program equivalent to that of the post-graduate and post-doctoral program in the field of medicine. The program is divided into two sub-categories which includes: DNB in Broad Specialties and DNB in Super Specialties.
During training, DNB candidates perform clinical work, maintain records, and perform emergency duties and other required duties.
DNB in Broad Specialties:
- Emergency medicine
- Family Medicine
- Field Epidemiology
- Forensic Medicine
- General Medicine
- General Surgery
- Health Administration (including Hospital Administration)
- Immunohematology & Transfusion Medicine
- Maternal and Child Health
- Nuclear Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Orthopedic Surgery
- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- Radio Diagnosis
- Radio Therapy
- Respiratory Diseases
- Rural Surgery
- Social and Preventive Medicine
DNB in Super Specialties:
- Cardiac Anesthesia,
- Clinical Pharmacology,
- Critical Care Medicine,
- Medical Genetics,
- Medical Oncology,
- Neuroanaesthesia & Critical Care
- Pediatric Cardiology,
- Cardio Thoracic Surgery (Inc. Direct 6-yr course),
- Genito Urinary Surgery,
- Neurosurgery (Inc. Direct 6-yr course),
- Pediatric Surgery (Inc. Direct 6-yr course),
- Peripheral Vascular Surgery,
- Plastic Surgery (Inc. Direct 6-yr course),
- Surgical Gastroenterology,
- Surgical Oncology,
- Thoracic surgery.
DNB can be obtained by clearing the centralized entrance test after completing postgraduate training in hospitals recognized by the national board, New Delhi.
Eligibility: MD in their respective subjects are also eligible for appearing in the final DNB certification exam along with regular DNB trainees.
DNB qualification is considered equivalent to MD/MS. Duration of course is 3 years.
The National Board of Examinations also runs postdoctoral fellowship program in select sub-specialties. On successful completion of two-year residency, candidates are awarded Fellow of National Board (FNB).
Fellowship program is available in the following sub-specialties:
- Hand & Micro Surgery
- High Risk Pregnancy & Perinatology
- Infectious Diseases
- Interventional Cardiology
- Laboratory Medicine
- Liver Transplantation
- Minimal Access Surgery
- Pediatric Gastroenterology
- Pediatric Haemato Oncology
- Pediatric Intensive Care
- Pediatric Nephrology
- Pediatric Ophthalmology
- Reproductive Medicine
- Spine Surgery
- Sports Medicine
- Trauma Care
- Vitreo-Retinal Surgery
After obtaining the first postgraduate degree (MD, MS, DNB), one can go for further specialization in medical or surgical fields. The syllabus of this course includes Theoretical knowledge, clinical and practical skills, training in research methodology, attitudes including communication skills, and thesis skills.
DM/MCh is an Advanced Post Graduate Academic Degree awarded after MD/MS.The degree awarded in medical fields is DM (Doctorate in Medicine). For surgical super specialties, the degree awarded is M.Ch.
The DM or M.Ch. degrees are equivalent to the fellowship training in the US and are considered postdoctoral degrees in India, similar to Ph.D.
Eligibility is MBBS degree, one-year internship, medical council registration and MD or MS.
This requires three years of training and study and then passing an examination, both theory and practical.
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